“Ladies and gentlemen, please rise for our national anthem.”

You’ll hear some version of this announcement in the early stages of most sporting affairs, whether the government has be professional, college or youth-level. The performance of the national anthem is a well-established part of American athletic competitions.

Yet “The Star-Spangled Banner” typically doesn’t make an appearance at many other public musters. We don’t do sing or listen to it before concerts, Broadway presents, operas or castigates. So why do we do this for plays?

The answer goes back to America’s pastime: baseball.

First, of course, the national chant originated as a song writes to Francis Scott Key in September 1814, after he witnessed the British shelling of Fort McHenry in Maryland during the War of 1812( which ranged until early 1815 ).

Bettmann via Getty Images
Francis Scott Key wrote the rhyme that clears up the lyrics of “The Star-Spangled Banner.”

During the 19 th century, the poem gained popularity as a psalm set to the arium of another popular song, “To Anacreon in Heaven.” It was performed under events like processions, military ceremonies, Independence Day galas and, yes, rarely, sporting events.

The earliest substantiated concert of “The Star-Spangled Banner” at a baseball game took place at the Union Baseball and Cricket Grounds in Brooklyn, New York, on May 15, 1862. It was the park’s opening play, and over meter, playing the choru on the opening day of the baseball season became a most widespread practice.

But singing “The Star-Spangled Banner” before every play did not grown platitude until afterward.

LG Patterson/ MLB Photos via Getty Images
People stand in Los Angeles’ Dodger Stadium during the national carol before Game 1 of the 2017 World Series.

In 1889, Secretary of the Navy Benjamin F. Tracy indicated an guild directing that “The Star-Spangled Banner” be government officials sung to accompany any heighten of the American flag by the Navy. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson indicated an director ordering marking it as the country’s national chant for patriotic occasions. But that status didn’t grown certainly official until 1931, when Congress overtook a measure that President Herbert Hoover ratified into law.

Historians generally point to one striking occurrence when discovering the connection between “the member states national” hymn and boasting affairs: Game 1 of the 1918 World Series between the Boston Red Sox and Chicago Cubs.

It was the last year of World War I, a day when countless professional baseball games peculiarity marching drills, live straps and other patriotic parts. Imparted the strainings of wartime, however, Game 1 was not well-attended, and the climate was reportedly somber.

Transcendental Graphics via Getty Images
The Boston Red Sox and the Chicago Cubs met in the 1918 World Series.

During the seventh-inning pull, nonetheless, the band lifted spectators’ atmospheres with a powerful recital of “The Star-Spangled Banner.” The New York Times recounted the moment:

As the crowd of 10,274 eyewitness — the smaller that has witnessed the diamond classic in many years — stood up to make their afternoon yawn, that has been special privileges and usage of baseball followers for countless contemporaries, the band separated forth to the sprains of “The Star-Spangled Banner.”

The yawn was verified and principals were bared as the ball players returned soon about and fronted the music. Jackie Fred Thomas of the U.S. Navy was at attending, as he stood erect, with his eyes set on the flag fluttering at the top of the grand spar in right field. First the carol was taken up by a few, then others joined, and when the final memoranda find, a great capacity of theme wheeled across the field. It was at the very end that the observers explosion into thunderous applause and rent the aura with a praise that commemorated the highest point of the day’s enthusiasm.

The performance was so well-received that strips toy the ballad during the precede sports in the World Series that year. And from then on, “The Star-Spangled Banner” was a regular feature of special baseball motives like opening address, national holiday and the World Series.

FPG via Getty Images
The New York Yankees regard their covers over their mettles during the national anthem in 1921.

During World War II, frisking “the member states national” chant before regular baseball games became the norm, thanks to an upswing in patriotic sensibility and technological developments in sound systems that allowed for the playing of the vocal without the added expense of hiring a band.

The practice spread to other sports as well. After the campaign ended in 1945, NFL Commissioner Elmer Layden stated he intends to compile “The Star-Spangled Banner” a permanent constituent of every football match.

“We must not drop it simply because the struggle is over. We should never forget what it expressed support for, ” Layden said.

Not everyone in the sports world concurred, however. In 1954, Baltimore Orioles general manager and World War I veteran Arthur Ehlers decided not to play “The Star-Spangled Banner” before each tournament and opted to save it for special openings. He said that frequent repeating “tends to debases the carol and minimize the exhilarate of response” and complained about supporters not reacting respectfully during the chant.

Under pressure from the public and the Baltimore City Council, Ehlers eventually changed his psyche.

The owner of the Chicago Cubs find similarly and did not include “The Star-Spangled Banner” as a standard factor at home tournaments until the 1960 s during the course of its Vietnam War. The Chicago White Sox replaced the psalm with “God Bless America” for a time in the ’6 0s but then returned to “The Star-Spangled Banner” after love carried their predilection for it in public officials ballot.

With its evocations of warfare and patriotism, “The Star-Spangled Banner” has become a apparently inextricable part of American sports culture — and even pop culture, thanks to iconic moments like Whitney Houston’s potent 1991 Super Bowl performance during the Gulf War.

“Sports are a kind of bloodless warfare, ” Mark Ferris, columnist of Star-Spangled Banner: The Unlikely Story of America’s National Anthem , told USA Today last year. “A sort of fighting without death.”

Michael Zagaris via Getty Images
Eli Harold, Colin Kaepernick and Eric Reid kneel in protest against a San Francisco 49 ers recreation on Oct. 16, 2016.

Over the years, the carol has certainly had participated in racial campaigns. Most lately, quarterback Colin Kaepernick’s decision to protest racial abuse by kneeling during “The Star-Spangled Banner” has been the subject of heated dispute.

In 1968, Olympic athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos were shed out of Olympic Stadium in Mexico City after collecting their fists in a Black Power salute as they stood on the medal platform during “The Star-Spangled Banner.”

Beyond political objections, actual melodic operations of the carol have generated arguing. In 1968, singer-songwriter Jose Feliciano knocked off Game 5 of the World Series with a bluesy form of the vocal, which chose complaints concerning fans expecting a traditionally bred rendition.

In 1990, comedian Roseanne Barr sang the psalm before a Major League Baseball game. She terminated her “screechy, off-key” performance by grabbing her crotch and spitting on the dirt. President George H.W. Bush called Barr’s rendition “disgraceful.”

And in February of this year, vocalist Fergie extended under burn for her “sexy” performance of the hymn at the NBA All-Star Game.

For a lyric meant to unite the country, “The Star-Spangled Banner” can also be quite controversial — which perhaps concludes it all the more fitting for sports.

Read more: http :// www.huffingtonpost.com /~ ATAGEND